Chapter 8.10


8.10.010    Definition of terms.

8.10.020    Public sewers, use and connection.

8.10.030    Connection and charges.

8.10.035    Capital facility charges for new sewer service.

8.10.040    Connection of nonassessed property.

8.10.050    Connection of all plumbing outlets.

8.10.060    Side sewer repairs.

8.10.070    Connection and charges.

8.10.080    Same – Failure to connect within time allowed – Penalty – Lien.

8.10.090    Failure to connect or repair side or stub sewer.

8.10.100    Side sewer permits and fees.

8.10.110    Exhibition of permit.

8.10.120    Installation.

8.10.130    Community side sewer.

8.10.140    Repair.

8.10.150    Capping.

8.10.160    Inspection.

8.10.170    Materials and workmanship.

8.10.180    Testing.

8.10.190    Variance to installations.

8.10.200    Fees.

8.10.210    Work in rights-of-way – Construction.

8.10.220    Protection.

8.10.230    Maintenance.

8.10.240    General provision requirements.

8.10.250    Grade and depth.

8.10.260    Alignment.

8.10.270    Design standards.

8.10.280    Sewer pipe size.

8.10.290    Manhole.

8.10.300    Trailer and mobile living unit connection provisions.

8.10.310    Cleanout.

8.10.320    Waterline location.

8.10.330    Plumbing contractors.

8.10.340    Locating side sewer connections – Wye or tee not found.

8.10.350    Saddles.

8.10.360    Prohibited discharge to sewer – Storm or other waters.

8.10.370    Other substances.

8.10.380    Grease, oil and sand interceptors.

8.10.390    Violation.

8.10.400    Regulations relating to sampling and analyses – Examination of water and sewage.

8.10.410    Special regulations.

8.10.420    Prohibited connection.

8.10.430    Excavations.

8.10.440    Structures, appurtenances and equipment.

8.10.450    Unauthorized construction of sewers.

8.10.460    Industrial cost recovery.

8.10.470    Severability.

8.10.480    Cumulative penalty provisions.

8.10.490    Violations – Penalty.

8.10.010 Definition of terms.

Unless the context specifically indicates otherwise, the meaning of terms used shall be as set forth in this section. Terms not specifically defined in this section shall be as defined in the publication “Glossary Water and Wastewater Control Engineering” published by the American Public Health Association, American Society of Civil Engineerings, American Water Works Association and Water Pollution Control Federation.

(1) “Council” means the city council of the city of Hoquiam, Washington.

(2) “APWA specifications” means standard specifications for Municipal Public Works Construction prepared by the Washington State Chapter, American Public Works Association, latest edition with latest revision.

(3) “A.S.T.M.” means American Society for Testing and Materials.

(4) “BOD” (denoting biochemical oxygen demand) means the quantity of oxygen utilized in the biochemical oxidation of organic matter under standard laboratory procedure in five days at twenty degrees centigrade, expressed in milligrams per liter.

(5) “Capping permit” means a permit required for the disconnection of sewer service.

(6) “City” means the city of Hoquiam, Washington.

(7) “City sewerage system” means the system of conduits, pumps, treatment plants, and appurtenances used for the purpose of conveying from their source, treating in any manner, and conveying to final points of disposal, all wastes of any nature permitted by this chapter.

(8) “Cluster living units” means living units, such as trailers, cabins or houses which have utilities operated and maintained by an association or by a common owner.

(9) “Commercial service” means all sanitary sewerage systems other than domestic service.

(10) “Cover” means the depth of material lying between the top of the sewer or drain and the ground surface immediately above it.

(11) “Domestic service” means any sanitary sewerage system serving a living unit.

(12) “Downspout” means a pipe which conducts water from a roof of a building or structure.

(13) “Garbage” means putrescible waste from the preparation, cooking and dispensing of food, and from the handling, storage and sale of produce.

(14) “Industrial customer” means all sewer users which discharge an industrial wastewater.

(15) “Industrial wastewater” means water- or liquid-carried waste from any industry, manufacturing operation, trade, or business which includes any combination of process wastewater, cooling water, contaminated storm water, contaminated leachates, or other waters such that the combined effluent differs in some way from purely domestic wastewater, or is subject to regulation under the Federal Categorical Pretreatment Standards, the State Waste Discharge Permit program, or this chapter.

(16) “May” is permissive.

(17) “Multiple dwelling” means a multiple-family dwelling, namely, a building designed and/or used to house two or more families living independently of each other and including all necessary household functions of each such family; such as motels, hotels and apartments.

(18) “Natural outlet” means any outlet into a watercourse, pond, ditch, lake, bay, or other body of surface or ground water.

(19) “Other structure” means any building other than a single-family dwelling or multiple dwelling.

(20) “Outside connection” means any sewer constructed in a public right-of-way and where the public agency who has jurisdiction of such right-of-way requires a permit fee or any other charge.

(21) “Person” means any individual, company, partnership, corporation, association, society or group and the singular tense includes the plural.

(22) “Plumbing outlet” means, in plumbing, the part of the lowest horizontal piping of a drainage system that receives the discharge from soil, waste and other drainage pipes inside the walls of the building and conveys it to the side sewer (house connection). The latter begins thirty inches outside the inner face of the building wall.

(23) “pH” means the logarithm of the reciprocal of the weight of hydrogen ions in grams per liter of solution.

(24) “Properly shredded garbage” means garbage which has been shredded to such degree that all particles will be carried freely under the flow conditions normally prevailing in public sewers, with no particle greater than one-half inch in any dimension.

(25) “Public sewer” means any sanitary sewers, including, but not limited to, trunks, laterals, stubs and force mains and being constructed by the city or any person within the public right-of-way or perpetual easement obtained by the city.

(26) “Sanitary sewage” means wastewater derived from domestic, commercial and industrial wastes and to which storm, surface, and ground water are not intentionally admitted.

(27) “Sanitary sewer” means a sewer which carries sanitary sewage.

(28) “Sewage” means a comprehensive term including industrial waste, storm drainage and wastewater.

(29) “Shall” is mandatory.

(30) “Side sewer” means a sanitary sewer pipe leading from a plumbing outlet, drain or other facility to the stub sewer of the public sewer system.

(31) “Single-family dwelling” means a structure designed and/or used to house a single-family.

(32) “Storm drain” means a public or private drain which carries storm and surface waters or drainage effluent from storm plumbing outlets, and other unpolluted water.

(33) “Structure” means anything constructed or erected, the use of which requires location or attachment to something having location on the ground, and shall, in addition, include but not be limited to trailers, mobile homes and house trailers, but does not include fences and walls.

(34) “Stub sewer” means a sewer constructed from the lateral or trunk sewer to the property line, or edge of perpetual easement of the property being served.

(35) “Suspended solids” means solids that either float on the surface of or are in suspension in water, wastewater, or other liquids, which are largely removable by laboratory filtering.

(36) “Wastewater” means the spent water of a community. It may be a combination of the liquid- carried wastes from residential and commercial buildings, industrial plants, and institutions, together with any ground water, surface water, and storm water that may be present.

(37) “Unpolluted water” means water in its natural state or water which, after use for any purpose, is not substantially changed as to chemical or biochemical qualities. (Ord. 05-10 § 2, 2005; Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.020 Public sewers, use and connection.

All structures charged for sewerage service and as provided in HMC 8.08.030 shall be required to connect to the city’s sewer system. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.030 Connection and charges.

(1) The owner shall connect all applicable plumbing outlets to the public sewer by the construction of a side sewer at his expense at the point designated by the city in accordance with APWA specifications. Such installation and connection, unless otherwise authorized, shall be completed within ninety days after the date of mailing or personal service of notice to the property owner directing such owner to make such connection.

(2) Charges imposed to connect to and receive city sewer service shall consist of the following:

(a) A capital facility charge determined pursuant to HMC 8.10.035;

(b) The actual installation costs as set forth in HMC 8.08.100;

(c) Any applicable private latecomers’ charges and interest as set forth in Chapter 8.20 HMC. (Ord. 05-19 § 1, 2005; Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.035 Capital facility charges for new sewer service.

(1) The capital facility charges for new sewer service shall be determined by the size of the water service serving the premises (equivalent residential unit, or ERU) and shall be imposed as follows:

Meter Size

Capital Facility Charges

5/8" x 3/4"


3/4" x 3/4"












For meter sizes greater than four inches, the capital facility charges will be calculated based upon the equivalent residential units. The city engineer will be required to evaluate anticipated peak daily flow to determine the applicable equivalent residential units.

(2) For all new sewer services located outside the corporate limits of the city, the capital facility charge is computed in the same fashion as above, except that an additional fifty percent shall be imposed.

(3) The following situations shall be exempted from payment of the capital facility charges as set forth in subsection (1) of this section:

(a) Alterations or expansion of an existing building where no additional or large water meter connections are requested.

(b) The replacement of a building or structure with a new building or structure of the same size and use where no additional or larger water connections are requested.

(c) A change in water meter size shall not be exempted from payment of the capital facility charge; however, a credit shall be given for the current capital facility charge on the old meter size.

(d) No capital facility charge shall be required, nor credited, for a change in water meter size that results in a decrease in meter size.

(e) Upon city council approval, an exemption from or a reduction in the amount of the capital facilities charge on land development that provides low-income housing may be made. (Ord. 06-16 § 1, 2006; Ord. 05-19 § 2, 2005).

8.10.040 Connection of nonassessed property.

The owner of property that has not been subject to special assessments for sewers by the city may connect structures on that property to the public sewer of the city and obtain sewage disposal service by paying a connection charge in lieu of assessment. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.050 Connection of all plumbing outlets.

All plumbing outlets from any building or structure hereafter constructed or made available for human occupation and/or use for any purpose shall, when required by this section, be connected to a public sewer of the city before the completion of the construction of such building or structure or before any occupancy or use thereof is allowed. In the event that a public sewer capable of serving that building or structure has not been completed by the city prior to the construction or occupancy of such building or structure, said building or structure shall be connected to the public sewer within ninety days after written notification of public sewer availability. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.060 Side sewer repairs.

Any repairs to a side sewer shall be made within thirty days after the date of mailing or personal service of a notice to the owner of the property served notifying such owner to make such repairs in accordance with APWA specifications. In the event of an emergency, the city may establish a shorter period of time for the repairs to be made or, if the owner cannot be located or does not promptly make such repairs, the city may make the repairs under the procedure of HMC 8.10.080 and 8.10.090. It shall be presumed that a side sewer is in need of repair or replacement if there is no discharge into the main line or there is evidence of seepage or discharge in the adjacent soils. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.070 Connection and charges.

The city shall mail to the owner a notice that sewer service is available and all applicable service charges shall begin the first day of the month that begins thirty days after the mailing of such notice. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.080 Same – Failure to connect within time allowed – Penalty – Lien.

If any such connection or ordered side sewer repair is not made within the time provided within this chapter, the director of public works of the city, or such other employee of the city as the city council may hereafter designate, is authorized and directed to cause such connection or side sewer repair to be made and to file a statement of the cost thereof with the finance director, and thereupon a warrant shall be issued under the direction of the city council and drawn on the sewer fund of the city for the payment of such cost. Such amount, together with a penalty of ten percent plus interest at the rate of ten percent per year upon the total amount of such cost and penalty, shall be assessed against the property, and shall become a lien thereon as provided by RCW 35.67.200. Such total amount, when collected, shall be paid into the sewer fund. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.090 Failure to connect or repair side or stub sewer.

Alternatively, the city attorney may be authorized by the mayor and council to bring suit against the owner or other responsible person to compel said owner or responsible person to make the connection or repair required by HMC 8.10.020 through 8.10.080, or to authorize the city to make the connection or repair at the owner’s cost, or for such other relief as may be appropriate. The suit may obligate the owner to pay the city’s costs, disbursements and reasonable attorney’s fees and the penalty authorized by RCW 35.67.190. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.100 Side sewer permits and fees.

(1) Prior to connection of any house, building, or structure to the public sewer or the making of any repairs, alterations, or addition to any side sewer or line connected thereto, an application for a side sewer permit shall be made by the owner or his agent at the office of the director of public works or his representative.

(2) The permit application shall be supplemented by any plans, specifications or other information considered pertinent in the judgment of the director of public works or his representative. Upon approval of the application, the director of public works or his representative shall issue a side sewer permit to the applicant, which permit shall be authorization to the applicant to proceed to connect in accordance with the permit. If the applicant proceeds in any manner other than as authorized, the director of public works or his representative may require the applicant to redo any work that is not in accordance with the permit.

(3) Any permit shall be valid for ninety days unless extended or renewed by the public works department upon good cause being shown, upon application therefor, prior to the original expiration date. A renewal permit shall be valid for not more than thirty days. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.110 Exhibition of permit.

Any permit required by this chapter shall at all times during the performance of the work and until completion thereof and approval by the city be posted at some conspicuous place at or near the work and must be readily and safely accessible to the city’s representative. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.120 Installation.

A property owner may install the side sewer on his own property, provided he complies with the applicable provisions of this chapter. A side sewer contractor, registered in accordance with HMC 8.10.210, shall be required for any work on a public right-of-way and/or any connection to the main line sewer. Should the owner or occupant choose to employ a bonded side sewer contractor to do the work on this property, such contractor shall obtain the permit in his own name. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.130 Community side sewer.

Whenever a side sewer is to be located on property other than the property being served, the owner or owners of the side sewer shall secure a written easement on an appropriate form, covering and granting the right to occupy such property for such purpose. The written easement shall be recorded by the owner in the office of the county auditor and a copy of same shall be furnished to the city prior to issuance of a permit. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.140 Repair.

A repair permit shall be obtained from the city for the repair of any minor portion of an existing side sewer on an appropriate form provided by the city. If the repair is not minor, the city shall require the replacement of the existing side sewer. A repair is not minor if the integrity of the side sewer is impaired. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.150 Capping.

When any property owner desires to have sewer service terminated for any property because the building or structure thereon is either removed, destroyed or condemned, the side sewer shall be capped or sealed in a manner approved by the city. The owner shall apply to the city for a capping permit, on a form supplied by the city. Upon the issuance of the permit, the owner shall cap his sewer line at the point designated by the city. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.160 Inspection.

No person shall cover or backfill any side sewer or public sewer without an inspection and approval from the city. The city shall be given twenty-four hours’ notice when such construction is ready for inspection. If any person covers or backfills any side sewer or public sewer without having obtained approval, the city shall require the person to uncover the work so that a proper inspection and approval can be made. The city shall have access at reasonable times to all single-family dwellings, multiple dwellings and other structures, for the purpose of examining any and all plumbing outlets and/or side sewers for the purpose of ascertaining whether the provisions of this chapter are being complied with. The charge for inspection shall be set by resolution of the council. (Ord. 06-33 § 5, 2006; Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.170 Materials and workmanship.

The city shall inspect and make such tests deemed necessary to ensure that the new construction meets all requirements of this chapter in respect to materials and workmanship. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.180 Testing.

The city shall require all four-inch and six-inch sewer construction to be tested by water exfiltration test in accordance with APWA specifications. Eight-inch and larger sewer lines may be tested by low pressure air tests in accordance with APWA specifications. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.190 Variance to installations.

Any variance to this chapter shall not be permitted without the express approval of the city, and all releases requested by the city shall be obtained in writing by the person requesting such installation. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.200 Fees.

Prior to the issuance of any permit, all fees shall be paid to the city. The fees required are as established by council resolution. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.210 Work in rights-of-way – Construction.

No person shall install stub sewers in any public or private thoroughfare or right-of-way unless he is registered with the city pursuant to HMC 8.10.210 and has complied with all of the requirements of this chapter. Any work on rights-of-way shall be in conformity with the requirements of the city. It will be the contractor’s responsibility to notify the city representatives before beginning work on the right-of-way and to ascertain that the schedule of operation proposed is satisfactory to the city; provided, however, that all work must be completed with dispatch and in a reasonable time. If a contractor or owner has been notified by the city representatives that certain work must be done and that person fails to do said work, the city may complete the work and charge the cost thereof to the person responsible. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.220 Protection.

Any excavation made by any sewer contractor in a right-of-way shall be protected and guarded by fencing or covering and properly lighted. The protection of the public from the danger of such excavation shall be the responsibility of the sewer contractor, and the contractor shall be liable for any damage caused by his failure to properly protect and guard such excavation. If the contractor or owner fails to properly protect and guard such excavation, the city may properly protect and guard such excavation and charge the cost thereof to the sewer contractor or owner, who shall, upon receiving written notice of the amount of such charge immediately pay the same to the city. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.230 Maintenance.

Whenever construction work under this chapter is undertaken on easements or rights-of-way over private property or public right-of-way, all work shall be confined to a reasonable limit and accomplished to cause the least amount of disturbance and a minimum amount of damage. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.240 General provision requirements.

(1) These standards are only for gravity lines and not intended for pressure mains. Pressure mains shall meet ASTM specifications or equivalent.

(2) All material and workmanship in connection with the installation of any sewers connected to the public sewer shall be as specified by this chapter and the standard specifications.

(3) Connection will be made at the point designated by the city, and all plumbing outlets shall be connected to the sanitary sewer. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.250 Grade and depth.

All side sewers shall be laid on not less than two percent grade (two feet per one hundred feet) nor more than two hundred percent (two feet vertical; one foot horizontal) grade. Side sewers shall not be laid less than thirty inches where possible from any foundation wall of any building; and if there is no foundation wall, not less than thirty inches from the outer lines of any footings, pilings, or building supports. Minimum cover shall be not less than thirty inches at the curb line and not less than thirty inches at the property line, and not less than twelve inches on private property. Any side sewer laid generally parallel to the curb line shall have not less than thirty inches of cover, and all cover measurements shall be based on the established grade or on existing improvements.

If required for connection to the sewer main, the city may approve a variance to a minimum grade of one percent on four-foot and six-foot side sewers upon receiving a signed grade release form from the owner. Whenever a side sewer is laid at more than one hundred percent grade, the city shall require cast iron or plastic pipe which conforms with this chapter. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.260 Alignment.

The side sewer shall be laid at uniform grade and in straight alignment so far as is possible. Changes in direction shall be made only with curved pipe with no greater than forty-five degree bends. The connection to the building drain and combination bends of ninety degrees shall include a cleanout. All pipe shall be laid on a firm earth bedding containing no material larger than one inch. If the trench bottom contains mud or water, the pipe shall be laid on a four-inch granular base of three-fourths-inch minus rock, pea gravel, sand or combination thereof. For plastic pipe, sand shall be used as granular base material. Backfill around the pipe and to a point four inches above shall be selected trench excavation material hand-placed and hand-tamped, with no material larger than one inch. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.270 Design standards.

Unless otherwise called for, side sewer pipe shall be concrete, clay, cast iron, asbestos cement, or plastic and meet the following specifications:



C-14X Class 2

(with rubber gasket joints)

Clay (Vitrified)*



Cast Iron*



(with mechanical or push-on type rubber joints)


Asbestos Cement*



(rubber gasket, oil resistant type)




D3034, SDR 35

(PVC) D1785

(PVC schedule 40, 80, 120)


*Bedding, laying and joining is to be done in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendations.

All A.S.T.M.’s specifications shall be the latest issue.

ABS, SCH 40, DWV. Standards IAPMO PS 17-71 and IS 1-73, domestic sewage only.

(Ord. 2860 § 1, 1978; Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.280 Sewer pipe size.

A four-inch side sewer shall be required for any single-family dwelling. Two or more single-family dwellings to a maximum of four, two or more cluster living units to a maximum of fourteen, and multiple dwellings to a maximum of thirty family units may be served by a six-inch line minimum. Eight-inch lines shall be required for any additional units thereafter. A six-inch side sewer shall be required for any building or structure not listed in this section. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.290 Manhole.

As the city deems necessary, it may prescribe standard manholes in side sewers of a greater length than one hundred feet. The city may prescribe a thirty-six-inch diameter extra shallow manhole in cases where the side sewer depth is forty-two inches or less. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.300 Trailer and mobile living unit connection provisions.

Sewer connections for trailers and other mobile living units shall be of the type approved by the city, but in all cases shall be above grade and shall have the ability to be made airtight and watertight when not in use. Trailers installed through permit process or otherwise shall install connections in accordance with single-family requirements. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.310 Cleanout.

A cleanout is required whenever more than a one-eighth (forty-five degree bend) is used. A cleanout is also required immediately outside the house or structure where the city deems necessary. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.320 Waterline location.

No waterline shall be laid in any form or manner in the same trench as the sewer line. The side sewer must be installed not to interfere and be constructed at least three feet distant horizontally and two feet below any waterline used for human consumption. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.330 Plumbing contractors.

No plumbing or side sewer contractors shall make connections of side sewers to public sewers of the city without first being registered with the state of Washington pursuant to Chapter 18.27 RCW. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.340 Locating side sewer connections – Wye or tee not found.

If a wye or tee is not found at the measurement given by the city, the contractor shall prospect five feet in all directions from the measurement given and if not found, then notify the city. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.350 Saddles.

Unless otherwise specified by the city, prefabricated saddles will be used for any graft to the public sewer. No new connection to main line will take place except by city crews. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.360 Prohibited discharge to sewer – Storm or other waters.

No person shall discharge, permit or cause to be discharged, any storm drainage water, surface water, ground water, roof runoff, subsurface drainage, or cooling water to or in any sanitary sewer. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.370 Other substances.

Except as hereinafter provided in this chapter, no person shall discharge or cause or permit to be discharged any of the following described water or wastes to any sanitary sewer:

(1) High Temperature Wastes. Any liquid or vapor having a temperature higher than sixty-five degrees Celsius;

(2) Flammable or Explosive Wastes. Any gasoline, oils, paint, benzene, naphtha, fuel oil, or other flammable or explosive liquid, solid or gas;

(3) Obstructive Wastes. Any ashes, cinders, sand, mud, straw, shavings, metal, glass, rags, feathers, tar, plastics, wood, manure, or any other solid or viscous substance capable of causing obstructions to the flow in sewers or other interference with the proper operation of the city sewage system;

(4) Toxic or Poisonous Substance. Any waters or wastes containing a toxic or poisonous substance in sufficient quantity to injure or interfere with any sewage treatment process constituting a hazard to humans or animals, or creating any hazard in the receiving waters of the city sewage system;

(5) pH Limitations. Any waters or wastes having a pH capable of causing damage or hazard to structures, equipment, personnel and the city sewage system;

(6) Noxious Substance. Any noxious or malodorous gas or substance capable of creating a public nuisance, including the contents of septic tanks and cesspools, without written consent of the city;

(7) Garbage. Any garbage that is not properly shredded;

(8) Paper and Plastic Products. Any paper and plastic products such as cups, dishes, napkins, and milk containers;

(9) Greases. Any greases, (animal or vegetable) oils, or matter containing animal or vegetable grease or oil of any nature in excess of three hundred milligrams per liter;

(10) Any substance, including oxygen demanding materials (BOD, etc.) and/or suspended solids released in wastewater at a flow rate and/or concentration which will cause interference with the city’s wastewater treatment system. (Ord. 05-10 § 3, 2005; Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.380 Grease, oil and sand interceptors.

Grease, oil, and sand interceptors shall be provided, when, in the opinion of the city, such are necessary for the proper handling of liquid wastes containing grease in excessive amount or any flammable wastes, sand, and other harmful ingredients, except that such interceptors shall not be required for private living quarters. All interceptors shall be of a type and capacity approved by the city and shall be located so as to be readily and easily accessible for cleaning and inspection, and shall be maintained by the owner, at his expense, in continuously efficient operation at all times. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.390 Violation.

Any person who violates any provision of HMC 8.10.330 through 8.10.400 shall be liable to the city for the damages and costs, if any, caused by such violation. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.400 Regulations relating to sampling and analyses – Examination of water and sewage.

All measurements, tests, and analyses of the characteristics of waters and wastes to which reference is made in this chapter shall be determined in accordance with “Standard Methods for the Examination of Water and Sewage” and shall be determined at the control manhole. In the event that no special manhole has been required, the control manhole shall be considered to be the nearest downstream manhole in the public sewer to the point at which the side or stub sewer is connected. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.410 Special regulations.

No person other than representatives of the city shall uncover, make any connections with or opening into, use, alter or disturb any public sewer or appurtenance thereof without first obtaining a written side sewer permit from the city. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.420 Prohibited connection.

No person shall connect any type drain, downspout, etc., other than sanitary plumbing fixtures. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.430 Excavations.

No person shall leave unguarded any excavation made in connection with the construction or repair of any side sewer or private drain. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.440 Structures, appurtenances and equipment.

No person shall break, damage, destroy, deface, alter, or tamper with any structure, appurtenance or equipment which is a part of the city sewer system. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.450 Unauthorized construction of sewers.

No person shall commence any sewer construction without the issuance of a permit or otherwise meeting the provisions of this code. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.460 Industrial cost recovery.

Any industrial users of a sewer facility constructed with Environmental Protection Agency grant funds awarded after March 1, 1973, shall repay that portion of the grant amount allocatable to the treatment of its wastes. The method of repayment and procedures for handling the repayment shall be in accordance with Sections 35.905-6, 35.905-7, 35.905-8, 35.925-12, 35.928 and 35.935-13 of the Environmental Protection Agency Rules and Regulations for Water Pollution Control Construction Grants for waste treatment works as published in Volume 39, Number 29, of the Federal Register dated February 11, 1974. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.470 Severability.

If any section or provision or part of this chapter is adjudged to be invalid or unconstitutional, such adjudication shall not affect the validity of this chapter as a whole, or of any section, provision, or part thereof not adjudged invalid or unconstitutional. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.480 Cumulative penalty provisions.

Each day that any person, firm, association or corporation violates or fails to comply with any of the provisions of this chapter shall be a separate offense. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).

8.10.490 Violations – Penalty.

Any person, firm, association or corporation violating or failing to comply with any of the provisions of this chapter is guilty of a misdemeanor, and upon conviction thereof shall be punished by a fine in any sum not exceeding five hundred dollars or by imprisonment in the city jail for a term not exceeding six months, or by both such fine and imprisonment for each separate offense. (Ord. 2843 § 1, 1978).